JKSSB Important VLW Forest Guard and other important Exams important study materials/ Questions part 2
JKSSB Important VLW Forest Guard and other important Exams important study materials/ Questions part 2
1 : General Knowledge (J and K Economy )
Ø 17% is contributed to the economy of J&K by Livestock and Agriculture sector.
Kuth Act in J&K restricts the cultivators from growing trees having medical value.
The main objective of 5th Five Year Plan was alleviation of Poverty.
Kashmir division is known as the Rice Bowl of J&K.
On 1st April 1999 Swaranjayati Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) has been launched in J&K.
In 1999 J&K Self Reliant Cooperative Act was passed in J&K.
In 1913 Co-Operative Movement was institutionalized in J&K.
In the 9th Plan J&K raised Forest Protection Force.
The Power Project Upper Sindh-II is at Kangan.
Mohara Power Station is on Jhelum
Fir is the tree in J&K which has maximum expansion in J&K Forests
In J&K Doda has maximum Percentage of area under forest.
J&K state had 20230km2 forest area.
J&K State had 1.01 lakh sq. km geographical areas.
J&K State had approximately 34 Lacs of sheep population.
Agriculture sector contributes approximately 33% of total GDP to J&K State.
In J&K state Animal Husbandry Dept. contributes approximately 13% of the GDP.
In J&K state the Soil conservation Dept. came into being in 1978.
Kashmir division of J&K State has a net sown are of 3.59 lacs hectares.
56% is the contribution of Service Sector in J&K GDP.
Jammu division of J&K has a net sown area of 3.90
Operation Sadbhavana had constructed at least 300 Micro Hydel Projects in J&K State out of 1000.Ø In 1976, the concept of District Planning was introduced in J&K State.
2 : Culture of Jammu and Kashmir
Author of “Walo Hao Baag Vano” is G.A. Mahjoor.· Author of “Atah-e-Chinar” is Sheikh Mohd Abdullah.· Author of “Kashmir Ka Siyasi Inqilab” is Shabnam Qayoom. Author of “Sargodhra-Stotra” is Swarajamitra.· Author of “Rind Poshma” is Rasool Mir.·
Abdul Sattar Asi has translated the Iqbal’s poem “Shikwa” and “Jawab-i-Shikwa” in Kashmir Language.· Author of “Shiva Lagan” is Parmanand.· Author of “Twarikh-i-Dogra Dish” Narsingh Das Nargis.· Author of “Kashmir: Behind the Vale” IS M.J. Akbar.· Kheer Bhawani is celebrated in Tulla Mulla at Ganderbal in June, for Rangnya Devi on Jyeshtha Asthami.· Eid-Ul-Fitir is celebrated at the end of Ramzan & Eid-Ul-Zuha for remembrance of Prophet Abraham (AS).· Shivratri is festival of Jammu and its name in Kashmir is Heart.· Tulip Festival is celebrated in the month of April.· Wazir Mal was the first winner of Sahitya Academy award.·
At Amarnath cave Shiva recounted to Parvati about creation. This Yatra is sacramental.· Navroz Festival is celebrated by Shia Muslims for nine days.· Baisakhi or Vaisakh is celebrated as first month of Hindu calendar.· The snow festival is organized by Dept. of Tourism of J&K at Gulmarg.· On Diwali people of Jammu decorate their houses.· Mansar Food & Crafts Mela is organized by J&K Tourism Dept. at Baiskh in April.· Tihar is celebrated in Badarwah & Kishtwar on Chaitra in March-April.· Baisakhi is new year for Sikhas, on this day Guru, Gobind Singh Ji formed Khalsa Sect in 1699.· Purmandal Mela celebrated on Maha Shivratri for wedding of Shiva & Parvati.·
Bahu Mela is celebrated in Bahu Fort twice in March-April & Sept.-Oct.· Lohri is celebrated in Spring on 13th Jan. Chajja dance is performed on this day.· Jhiri Mela remembers the sacrifice of Baba Jitto and is celebrated in Jhiri in Jammu on Oct.-Nov.
3 : Geography of Jammu and Kashmir (Weather, Climate, Crops, Soils etc.)
Bandipore is called the Port of Wular.Magnesite is found in Karta of Udhapur.Zinc ore is fond in Limestone deposit of Samba.Sapphire is metallic mineral found in J&K only. Aksai Chin was occupied by China in 1962 from J&K.Pakistan handed to China about 5180sq. Km. from J&K.Reasi receives the max. rainfall in a year in J&K.The total rainfall of J&K is 103 cm.J&K is located between 32-15 and 37-05 North Latitude. Chenab is highest river of J&K.Jammu is situated on the bank of Tawi river.Sindh is largest tributary of Jhelum.The first Thermal Power Project is located at Kalakote.On Chenab river is Baglihar dam project.Length of J&K is 724.Sulphur Spring is in Maliknag Anantnat.The shape of Kashmir valley is Elliptical Saucer.Kashmir region has continental type of climate.Three type of J&K are: Hilly, Alluvial & Karewa.· Paper Machie has its origin from Persia in J&K.· The length from Katra to Mata Vaishno Deviji is 13 Kms.· Ahrabal is the famous and impressive waterfall near Srinagar
Jawhar Tunnel is associated with Banihal Cart Road.· Bahaderwah is famous for Rajmash in J&K.· At Ramnagar in Udhampur highest rainfall is measured.· In J&K Ramban has the lowest Literacy rate.· Length of Siachin Glacier is about 72 km.· Anantnag is known as Granary of Kashmir.· Baramulla is the largest district of Kashmir.· Wullar lake is in Bandipora district.· Ganderbal district is located on Sind river.· Kulgam is known as the Rice Bowl of Kashmir.· River Kishangana flows through Kupwara.· Pampore of district Pulwama is famous for Saffron.
Shopian district is known as Apple Bowl of Kashmir.· Srinagar district is known as Venice of East or Nucleus of Kashmir.· Chenab river flows through Doda district.· Jammu is known as the City of Temples.· Kathua is known as Gateway of J&K.· Kishtwar is known for blankets.· Poonch is known as Mini Kashmir.· Rajouri district has multi-culture influence.· Baglihar Power Project is in Ramban district.· Mata Vaishno Devi University is in Reasi at Kakrail.· In Samba majority of people are Rajputs.·
4: Transport and Communication (GK With Reference to Jammu and Kashmir UT)
The railway line between Jammu and Udhampur was started in 1981-82 & completed by 1997-98.· The mobile telephony was launched by BSNL in Aug. 2003 in J&K.· The JKSRTC started the first vehicle on Khardun La pass in 1962.
Baramulla to Srinagar Jhelum valley cart road was completed during the region of Pratao sing.· Road is the largest transport in J&K.· Pratap Singh was the person who explored the possibility of a railway in J&K.· In J&K there are four National Highways: NH-1A, NH-1B, NH-1C and NH-1D.· NH-44 is not part of NH- 44 & its total length is 663 km.· The total length of NH-1B is 274 and links Batote and Khanbal.· NH-1C, renamed NH-144 is shortest N.H of 8 km connects Domail and Katra.· NH-1D, now part of NH-1 connects Srinagar and Leh.· Mughal Road is 84 km long.
In 1942 the first vehicle was registered under Registration no. J&K-1.· The railway line from Udhampur to Katra was completed in 2014.· The length of Basoli Bride is 592.· In J&K Jammu region has maximum road length.· Chenni-Nashri Tunnel is India’s longest all weather road tunnel.· Basoli bridge is the fifth cable stayed bridge in India.
5 : Jammu and Kashmir Budget for year 2022 – 23 (Allocation of Budget Analysis)
Goal & Aim: Lt. Gov. said aim and goal of Budget 2022-23 “The immediate goal is to accelerate the peace of economic development in J&K UT and make it multi-dimensional”.Panchayati Raj and Urban Local Bodies : Allocation of Rs 13313 crore. The aim is to strengthening the grassroot democratic setup in the J&K UT.Jal Shakti Dept. : Allocation of 9,289.15 crore for the Jal Shakti Dept. The aim to achieve the target of 100 percent piped water supply to all the masses of the J&K UT.Agriculture: Rs 2,835 crore have been sanctioned for agriculture sector. The aim to double the income of the farmers’ income in planned manner.Horticulture: Rs 646 crore for horticulture. The goal is to cultivate the high yielding and high density crops.Animal Sheep & Fisheries: Rs 391,90 for Animal, Sheep Husbandry and Fisheries sector. The goal is to set up the 2,000 diary units an employment to 5000 people of J&K UT.Health: Rs, 7,873 Crore for the Health Sector. The target to achieve is to provide best medical facilities to all the people of the J&K UT.
Education: Rs 11,832 crore for Schol and Higher Education Dept. The target to achive is to establish 500 Kindergartens in Govt. Schools; also 518 Smart Classrooms and 200 Vocational Laboratories.Industries & Commerce: Rs 1,003 Crore is the allocation for the Industries and Commerce. The aim will be to take the industry and Commerce sector to the new heights in the J&K UT.Financial Assistance: Rs 200 Crore for the financial assistance to the students of the J&K UT.Social Welfare: Rs 3,203 Crore for the benefits of the Welfare schemes of disabled people of J&K UT.Tourism: Rs. 508 Crore for the tourism of growth of J&K UT.Boarder Villages: Rs 600 Core for border villages and 50 Crore under the Samridh Seema Yojana.
Smart City: Rs. 200 Crore for Smart City Mission.
7 : Flora and Fauna of Jammu and Kashmir (GK With Reference to Jammu and Kashmir UT) JKSSB
Pulp is used for manufacture of hand-made paper.· 1.7 categories of IUCN are red listed in J&K.· Budgam is smallest in forest cover in J&K.· Dachigam N.P is 141 sq. km in Srinagar.· Doda largest in forest cover in J&K.· Gulmarg W.S. is 180 sq. km in Baramulla.
Hirpora W.S. is 341 sq. km in Shopain.· In J&K Hangul Project was launched in 1970.· Jasrota W.S. is 10.04 sq. km in Kathua.· Jasrota W.S. is situated on the bank of river Ujh in J&K.· Kazinag N.P is 89 sq. km in Baramulla.· Kishtwar N.P is 400 sq. km in Kishtwar / Doda.· Lachipora W.S. is 80 sq. km in Baramulla.· Limber W.S. is 26 sq. km in Baramulla.· Nandini W.S. is 33.34 sq. km in Jammu.· Nandini Wildlife Sanctuary is situated on NH 1A in J&K.· Overa Aru W.S. is 425 sq. km in Anantnag.· Polar wood is used for match in factory.
Rajparian/Daksum is 20 sq. km in Anantnag.· Ramnagar W.S. is 32.50 sq. km in Jammu.· Red Data Book provides information on endangered plants and animals. · Salim Ali N.P is 9.07 sq. km in Srinagar.· Scientific name of Black Necked Crane is Grus Antigone.· Scientific name of Chinar is Plantanus Orientalis.· Scientific name of Deodar Tree is Cedrus Deodara.· Scientific name of Hangul is Cervus Elaphus Hangulu.· Scientific name of Himalayan Tahr is Himitragus jemlahicus.· Scientific name of Ibex is Capra Ibex.· Scientific name of Markhor is Capra Falconeri.· Scientific name of Musk Deer is Moschus Chrysagaster.
Scientific name of Silver Fir is Abies Webbiana.· Scientific name of Snow Leopord is Panthera Uncia.· Surinsar is 97.82 in Udampur, Samba, Jammu.· Thajiwas/Baltal is 203 sq.km in Gandrbal.· The Sheri-i- Kashmir University of Agricultural Science was set up in 1982.· There are five types of forests in J&K.· Trikuta W.S. is 31.77 sq. km in Reasi.· Walnut is used in wood carving industry.
8 :Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act-2019 ( GK With Special Reference to Jammu And Kashmir) JKSSB
On 5th Aug. 2019 govt. scraped the Article 370 of J&K and made it UT.· A person who has passed 10th or 12th or have studied for 7 years in the UT of J&K will be its domicile.· According to J&K Reorganization Act 2019 the Lt. Gov. is Administrator of UT by Article 239 by the President.· For Domicile of J&K UT a person should be living for Fifteen years in J&K.· In J&K UT the Election Commission of was appointed by the President under Article 324.· In J&K UT the Legislative Council of J&K State was abolished.· In J&K UT there will be 107 Assembly seats.
In JK UT Legislative Assembly 23 seats shall remain vacant for POK.· In JK UT LG can nominate two representatives of women in J&K Assembly.· In the Assembly of JK UT CM will have council of ministers not more than 10% of Assembly.· In the Pat-1 (Preliminary) of Reorganization Act- 2019 gives the name of Act and definition of imp. Terms.· J&K Reorganization Act came in to effect from 31st Oct. 2019.· JK UT Official Languages are five: Dogri, Urdu, Hindi, English, & Kashmiri.· Part- II of Reorganization Act-2019 deals with Reorganization of J&K State.· Part- III of Reorganization Act-2019 deals with Representation in the Legislatures.· Part- IX deals with Advocate-General of UT of J&K.· Part- VIII of Reorganization Act-2019 deals with High Court.
Part- X deals with Authorization of Expenditure & Distribution of Revenues.· Part- XI deals with Apportionment of Assets and Liabilities.· Part- XII deals with Provisions as to Certain Corporations & any Other Maters.· Part- XIV deals with Leal & Miscellaneous Provisions.· Part-IV of Reorganization Act-2019 deals with Administration of Ladakh UT.· Part-V of Reorganization Act-2019 deals with Delimitation of Constituencies.· Part-VI of Reorganization Act-2019 deals with SC and ST.· Part-VII deals with the Miscellaneous and Transitional Provisions.· Pat- XII of Reorganization Act-2019 deals with Provisions as to Srvices.· The J&K Reorganization Act 2019 has 14 parts.
The J&K UT have legislature as Puduchery; Ladakh have no legislature like Chandigarh.· The J&K UT will be held after five years.· The JK UT Legislative Assembly can make laws for both State & Concurrent List.· The Reorganization Act divides the JK State in to J&K UT and Ladakh UT.· The UT of JK is with a legislature and UT of Ladakh without legislature.